Osteoarthritis of the knee joint is a very common problem which could have considerable effects on the individual concerning pain and disability. Furthermore, it has considerable impacts on the expenditures for the health care system. The prevalence with the condition is growing with the increased frequency of excessive weight which is the key risk factor for osteoarthritis of the knee joint. A few authorities are declaring this a public health care disaster and comparable to the diabetes mellitus pandemic. The most common risk factor is the body mass index, however people that have a history of knee damage, perhaps from sport are also at a greater risk of knee osteoarthritis. There are some hereditary risk factors, for example bow legs and also cartilage material in the knee which appears to be more suspectible to injury which can't really be altered like some other risk factors could.
Most likely the two primary facets of management for those who have knee osteoarthritis is physical exercise and losing weight. As a higher bodyweight is a important risk factor for the development of osteo arthritis plus a predictor of the progression, reducing weight will likely be very important. This really is going to have to be a long term option and must be led by the right professional guidance and advice. Losing weight could also help the other treatments that can be used to work better. The additional critical component is physical activity. Movements has been proven to reduce pain. All the muscles around the painful knee really should be strengthened. This might be mild exercise routines in a pool or perhaps more substantial weight lifting in a gymnasium. This as well really needs to be with the instruction of a healthcare professional in order that the actual exercises are the appropriate types and performed correctly. Rest isn't an alternative and doesn't help lessen the progress of the arthritis.
An additional exercise approach can be an unstable footwear condition, Apos therapy, that you put on for up to an hour or so on a daily basis. These Apos therapy shoes are adjusted to allow you to walk differently and make you unstable which results in a strengthening of the gait muscles. There are also wedges that you can use in the everyday shoe and can help osteoarthritis in the medial compartment of the knee. Additionally, there are different braces which may be worn around the knee to help try taking a little of the force away from the joint. There are a number of medicines along with injection therapies that will help with the pain and they are very useful, however they usually do not affect the nature of the osteoarthritis in the way losing weight and exercise will. There are actually medications as well as other treatments that are being investigated that can help restore the specific injury to the cartilage, however they are still in the experimental stages. In the event the pain throughout the knee joint moves on and becomes rather painful then a total knee replacement is being performed more frequently. The disability and recovery time after this surgical treatment is decreasing with good physical therapy and there have already been big improvements in the hardware that the joint replacement is constructed out of.