Vitiligo is a skin condition in which patches of skin lose their color. It can develop at any age, but most cases occur in adults over the age of 30. Vitiligo is caused by a loss of pigment (color) in the skin cells. There are several types of vitiligo, each with its own cause and symptoms.
Discoid (round) vitiligo, is caused by an autoimmune reaction in which the body attacks its own melanin (pigment) production. This type is most common in people of African descent and tends to occur on the face and hands. You can even search online for more information about vitiligo experts in Melbourne.
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The skin becomes dry and scaly, with brownish patches that can grow larger and spread. Discoid vitiligo often responds well to treatments such as light therapy or topical creams that suppress the immune system.
The second type, linear (linear) vitiligo, occurs when melanin production decreases or stops completely in some areas of the skin. The patches may be small or large and may only affect one side of the body. Linear vitiligo is more common in people of European descent and tends to occur mostly on the face and trunk (upper body).
The most common type is acquired vitiligo, which is caused by various factors including sun exposure, stress, and autoimmune diseases. This type of vitiligo is usually progressive and can lead to complete loss of skin color over time.